Discovering Roman Roads


The roads : List of roads>Via Appia>Segment 26


Via Appia        Segment 26        from km 244,2 to km 250,1

Benevento (Beneventum) - San Cumano (Nuceriola)


From this point on, it is almost impossible to identify the old itinerary: this can be due to different reasons, that may be the abandonment over the years after the building of the Trajan diversion (see the footnote), the committing maintenance of the road, or some errors in the building processes.

Benevento (*), the ancient Maleventum, that was renamed Beneventum after the victory of the Romans over the Samnites (**), claims antique monuments dating back to the imperial age (**) such as the arch of Trajan, the theatre, the arch of the Sacrament as well as the medieval age (**) buildings such as the wall and the church of Saint Sophie.

After Benevento (Beneventum), the itinerary proceeds towards San Cumano presumably corresponding to ancient statio Nuceriola.


(*) Benevento (Beneventum) is worth a visit

(**) See Samnites, Roman empire age, middle age in glossary

Note about the Trajan diversion

Under the emperor Trajan (AD 98-117) the road network of the roman Empire had a great impulse of renewal.

The route from Benevento (Beneventum) to Brindisi (Brundisium) which crossed the Appennini mountains following the valley of the Miscano river instead of the Ufita river, and already existing at the time of poet Horace Flacco (65-8 BC), see a04 - Arnaldi e d09 - Desy, was restructured.

This route with new bridges and good foundations, allowed at least one day spared for the trip from Rome (Urbe) to Brindisi (Brundisium).

This alternative route is commonly named via Appia-traiana.